Ear cleaning and medicating can be messy, so cover good clothes and work on a surface that is easy to clean.

Most cats do not like having their ears cleaned. Some cats will happily sit in your lap or on a table while you clean or medicate their ears but many require some form of restraint. Try to hold your cat in your lap with ear folded open.
To hold your cat in your lap to place ear medications, drape your left forearm across the cat’s body to keep him/her in your lap. Hold the head with your left hand using your left thumb to press the ear flap against the head with the ear canal open.

Hold the medication in your right hand.

The ear has 3 major parts:

outer ear
middle ear
inner ear

The outer ear consists of the ear flap (also called the pinna) which is usually upright in cats with the exception of specific breeds such as the Scottish fold cat whose ears are folded over. The ear flap funnels sound into the ear canal. Unlike humans that have a very short ear canal, dogs and cats have a long narrow ear canal that makes almost a 90 degree bend as it travels to the deeper parts of the ear.

The outer ear canal is separated from the middle ear by a thin membrane called the eardrum or tympanic membrane. The ear drum is very fragile and can be damaged by ear disease or during ear cleaning. The middle ear consists of 3 small bones, an air filled cavity called the bulla and a thin tube (the eustachian tube) leading from the bulla to the back of the mouth.

The inner ear connects to the brain and contains nerves and centers for balance and hearing.

The good news is that Cats do not have as many ear problems as do dogs. .